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By R. J. Zwi Werblowsky

Joseph Karo (1488-1575) used to be one of many maximum figures of rabbinic Judaism and the writer of the Shulhn Arukh, the normal code of Jewish legislations. Like many different rabbinic ascetics, who might write on talmudic or kabbalistic matters but conscientiously hide their intimate mystical stories, Karo left a diary, Maggid Mesharim, recording the messages that he got from a celestial mentor. As Karo was once a number one member of the Safed circle that integrated Solomon Alkabets and Moses Cordovero, his diary yeilds new insights into the realm of sixteenth-century pre-Lurianic kabbalism.

In this magisterial learn R. J. Zwi Werblowski examines the arguable diary. He additionally describes Joseph Karo's lifestyles and instances. chiefly, although, it's the mental curiosity of Maggid Meshrim which makes it an enormous resource for our wisdom of the kinds of mystical lifestyles cultivated in rabbinic circles. With consummate ability and studying, Professor Werblowsky explores this curiosity to supply a robust portrait of mystic piety as practiced by means of a most advantageous rabbinic authority.

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In the direction of the top of 1535, Karo back spent a few time in Adrianople on his strategy to Palestine. An incidental short connection with the start of his trip* makes no point out at of Nicopolis, yet a trifling look on the map indicates that all one may need to cross Adrianople at the method from Nicopolis to Constantinople, the port of embarkation for Palestine. Karo may perhaps have tarried in Adrianople for some time. The subsequent yes date Controversy happened. ordination, arrived in Safed 17 Elul 296 ' 1538, Karo used to be one of many Berab ahead of the * is whilst (= latter had whilst via from Safed. Karo most likely students selected to be ordained to escape your time in 1536. ^ The record dated Sunday, three September 1536 c. e. )^ and revealed in A. R. , Op. cit. , pp. 246-9. B. Y. advert O. H. 215: '•'71D1p''3 m3''nDn wblW 1Q3. ' Cf. alternate of letters in A. R. , nos. 12-14. * A. R. , no. seventy three: -|-n n3''DD3 DID"''? the well-known Ordination Jacob Berab determined to resume Tnns: sVsir-nasa 3"3in nD:s itVn px"? ^xinm nrDlKtJDIp. * Cf. lower than, pp. 116 * The rfile is f. quoted in Karo's responsa A. R. no. 124 in addition to within the David ibn Zimra (pt. i, no. 177; ed. Venice, 1749, fol. 30b). The complaints spoke of happened ahead of the rabbinic courtroom of Safed on a Sunday {resp. David ibn Zimra: ]WX"I DV; A. R. : 'K DV), however the date 15 Elul, given within the textual content of either Karo and ibn Zimra, suits neither the 12 months 5296 (= 1536 responsa of EXILE no. even though 124, indicates, erroneously concept it it did, that of the summer season parts,' and the second one 1536. The ninety three doesn't turn out, as such a lot historians Karo used to be in Safed in the direction of the tip responsum evidently includes half, which bears Karo's signature alongside with that of alternative Safed rabbis, simply refers to prior court docket court cases that had taken position nonetheless in Berab's hfetime in 1536. The judgement issues a declare of Aaron Berab, 'heir of the past due Rabbi Jacob Berab', and Jacob Berab, as we all know, nonetheless conferred ordination in 1538 and died at the Sabbath, 18 lyyar, 306 (= 1546 C. E. ). Even if we had no documentary proof it could move with out announcing that Karo had married, or fairly remarried, lengthy prior to he moved to Palestine. not just did rabbinic legislations at the and multiply', however the rabbis left doubtless that the single country was once objectionable and ungodly for halakhic, ethical, and mystical purposes. Karo should have married at the least^ thrice, for he mentions the names of Hayyim Albalag,^ Isaac Saba,'* and Zechariah Sechsel Ashkenazi,^ every one with the additional honorific 'my grasp and fulfilment of the first bibhcal commandment insist 'be fruitful — father-in-law'. The order of marriages can't now be made up our minds. Rosanes's strategy^ of building a chronology of marriages vitiated tency of rule within the different types of epistolary handle. Samuel Saba law', or is by way of the gratuitous and unwarranted assumption of consisis If, for instance, pointed out' with no the addition 'my brother-in- Zechariah Sechsel is quoted in 1665* with out the identify 'my nor 5301 (= 1 541 C.

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