By Michael Z. Newman
Since the times of early tv, video has been an vital a part of tradition, society, and moving-image media industries. Over the a long time, it's been an avant-garde creative medium, a high-tech purchaser device, a structure for gazing video clips at domestic, a strength for democracy, and the final word, ubiquitous technique of documenting truth. within the twenty-first century, video is the identify we supply every kind of relocating photographs. we all know it as an adaptable medium that bridges analog and electronic, novice undefined, broadcasting and recording, tv and cinema, artwork and advertisement tradition, and outdated media and new electronic networks.
In this historical past, Michael Z. Newman casts video as a medium of transferring worth and legitimacy on the subject of different media and applied sciences, really movie and tv. Video has been imagined as roughly actual or inventive than video clips or tv, as roughly democratic and participatory, as kind of able to taking pictures the genuine. Techno-utopian rhetoric has again and again represented video as a innovative medium, promising to unravel the issues of the earlier and the present―often the very difficulties linked to tv and the society formed via it―and to bring a greater destiny. Video has additionally been noticeable extra negatively, fairly as a probability to video clips and their tradition. This learn considers video as an item of those hopes and fears and builds an method of pondering the idea that of the medium when it comes to cultural status.
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Extra resources for Video Revolutions: On the History of a Medium
VIDEO AS replacement 1. at the heritage of videotape’s improvement see Albert Abramson, The background of tv, 1942–2000 (Jefferson, N. C. : McFarland & corporation, 2003), 60–76; Christoph Blase, “Welcome to the Labyrinth of Machines: Tapes and Video codecs 1960–1980,” in list back! 40Yearsvideoart. de half 2, eds. Blase and Peter Weibel (Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz/Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe, 2010), 500–508; and Lucas Hilderbrand, Inherent Vice: Bootleg Histories of Videotape and Copyright (Durham, N. C. : Duke UP, 2009), 33–72. 2. Rudy Bretz, “Video Tape: A television Revolution,” The Quarterly overview of movie Radio and tv eleven, four (Summer 1957): 399–415; 401. three. Jack Gould, “Miraculous Ribbon of TV,” big apple instances, June 28, 1959, SM14. four. Bretz, “Video Tape,” 412; Jeff Martin, “The sunrise of Tape: Transmission machine as upkeep Medium,” The relocating photograph five, 1 (Spring 2005): 45–66; forty nine. five. Oscar Godbout, “N. B. C. to checklist with Video Tape,” ny instances, November five, 1957, fifty one. 6. John Fink, “Use Videotape to ‘Save Time’ on television Shows,” Chicago Tribune, November 17, 1957, N14; Larry Wolters, “Tape Produces Revolution in television Broadcasts,” Chicago Tribune, August 31, 1958, NW6. 7. “Is television Tape reside or movie? ” Broadcasting, October five, 1959. eight. Walter Lippmann, “Television: Whose Creature, Whose Servant? ” within the crucial Lippmann: A Political Philosophy for Liberal Democracy, eds. Clinton Rossiter and James Lare (New York: Random condo, 1963), 411–413. nine. Bret Maxwell Dawson, “TV fix: New Media ‘Solutions’ to outdated Media difficulties” (PhD diss. , Northwestern college, 2008), 113–187. 10. “Magnetic units gather a list Audience,” manhattan instances, September five, 1958, 35. eleven. “Fast development proven by way of Videotape Market,” Chicago Tribune, September 23, 1968, C7. 12. J. Robert McAdam, moveable Video Tape Recorder: A consultant for academics (New York: department of academic know-how, nationwide schooling organization, 1968). thirteen. “Videotape—The View from ’70” enterprise reveal, April 1970, 29–30. 14. “VTR provides Punch to Maytag Marketing,” company reveal, November 1970, 60–61. 15. “Television on a Disk,” Time, September 18, 1970. sixteen. Nadine Subotnik, “Channel Comment,” The Cedar Rapids Gazette, April 26, 1959. 17. Martin, “The sunrise of Tape,” fifty four. 18. For a first-person account of the advent of those options, see Tony Verna, speedy Replay—The Day that modified activities ceaselessly (Beverly Hills, Calif. : inventive publication Publishers foreign, 2008). 19. Leonard Shecter, “Why It’s larger to monitor the sport on TV,” long island instances, March three, 1968, SM32. 20. Ibid. 21. Thomas Streeter, “Blue Skies and weird Bedfellows: The Discourse of Cable Television,” within the Revolution Wasn’t Televised: Sixties tv and Social clash, eds. Lynn Spigel and Michael Curtin (London: Routledge, 1997), 221–242. 22. Edward Kern, “A sturdy Revolution is going on Sale,” lifestyles, October sixteen, 1970, forty seven. 23. Dawson, “TV Repair,” 117–121. 24. This heritage of codecs and the firms bringing them to industry is definitely advised in James Lardner, quickly ahead: Hollywood, the japanese, and the Onslaught of the VCR (New York: W.