By Nazila Fathi
In The Lonely War, Fathi interweaves her tale with that of the rustic she left at the back of, exhibiting how Iran is locked in a conflict among hardliners and reformers that dates again to the country’s 1979 revolution. Fathi was once 9 years outdated whilst that rebellion changed the Iranian shah with an intensive Islamic regime. Her father, an reputable at a central authority ministry, used to be fired for donning a necktie and realizing English; to aid his kinfolk he was once compelled to hard work in an orchard hundreds and hundreds of miles from Tehran. while, the family’s destitute, uneducated housekeeper used to be capable of retire and buy a contemporary apartment—all simply because her relatives supported the recent regime.
As Fathi indicates, adjustments like those prompted many years of inequality—especially for the negative and for women—to vanish in a single day. but a brand new breed of tyranny took its position, as she stumbled on whilst she started her journalistic profession. Fathi quick faced the higher limits of chance for ladies within the new Iran and earned the enmity of the country’s ruthless intelligence carrier. yet whereas she and lots of different Iranians have fled for the protection of the West, thousands in their middleclass countrymen—many of them an analogous humans whom the regime as soon as lifted out of poverty—continue pushing for extra own freedoms and a renewed dating with the skin world.
Drawing on over twenty years of reporting and broad interviews with either usual Iranians and high-level officers earlier than and because her departure, Fathi describes Iran’s awakening along her personal, revealing how moderates are gradually retaking the country.
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Additional resources for The Lonely War: One Woman’s Account of the Struggle for Modern Iran
The state rallied in the back of the regime, decided to ﬁght the invaders. A sea of Iranian males headed south to ﬁght. Even Mohsen, my The conflict fifty nine mother’s imprisoned cousin who used to be an air strength pilot, and whose execution have been commuted to existence in legal, pleaded to be allowed to ﬁght within the struggle, a request that used to be by no means granted. In may perhaps 1981, under a yr after the struggle started, Iranian forces driven the Iraqis again to the border and liberated Khorramshahr. The conflict was once so bloody that they nicknamed town Khoonin-Shahr, which means the town of Blood. Saddam known as for a cease-ﬁre, yet Khomeini used to be intoxicated by way of the victory. The struggle was once now a blessing for the ayatollah. with no it, he couldn't rally his supporters opposed to his rivals at domestic. desiring to make the battle a long term undertaking to stabilize his regime, Khomeini stated that Iran needs to triumph over Karbala in Iraq, greater than 346 miles clear of Khorramshahr. through that summer time, rifts between political factions had deepened, and Khomeini used to be brazenly sidelining all teams that had helped overthrow the shah, except for his personal social gathering of the Islamic Republic. Mehdi Bazargan, the chief of the nationalist get together Freedom move, had resigned in protest of the U.S. embassy takeover, declaring that the invasion of a international embassy used to be opposed to all foreign norms. Khomeini referred to as the warfare a “holy safeguard” and classified those that antagonistic the conflict traitors and the enemy of Islam. He quickly banned all political events other than his personal. To his fans, he promised an excellent destiny, relatively in the event that they died at the ﬁeld of conflict. He reminded them that they’d turn into martyrs, like Imam Hussein, Prophet Muhammad’s grandson who was once massacred in a conflict close to Karbala in Iraq. Martyrdom was once the trail to paradise, Khomeini informed them. utilizing this non secular rhetoric, he inﬂamed the loads, readying them to ﬁght and rallying them at the back of the regime. Khomeini’s fans, bearded males and black-clad girls, all started purging nationalist and communist ﬁgures, a person who adverse Khomeini, with zeal. hundreds of thousands of younger women and men, together with young children, landed in prison and confronted the ﬁring squad. Abolhassan Banisadr, who were the ﬁrst post-revolution president, ﬂed the rustic. His overseas minister, Sadeq Ghotbzadeh, used to be arrested and completed. As he eradicated his enemies, either genuine and imagined, Khomeini additionally elevated his already substantial energy. His name, vali faqih, 60 The Lonely conflict which means actually “the discovered patron,” turned emblematic of the country he had in brain for the state, as if the complete nation have been made of immature young ones who wanted a father to lead them. And so the warfare persisted like a curse, ravaging our lives. The regime introduced draft will be known as to extend the dimensions of the Iranian militia. Universities, which were shuttered a 12 months prior, remained closed, leaving younger males with nowhere to move however the conflict area. The regime banned boys over the age of fourteen from leaving the rustic so they couldn’t break out the draft.