Geert Booij's well known textbook examines how phrases are shaped, compounded, and inflected in numerous languages. It exhibits how, while, and why to exploit equipment of morphological research and explains how morphology pertains to syntax, phonology, and semantics. the writer considers the common features of morphology and the way those are mirrored within the workings of brain. The revised version has been revised and up-to-date all through; it has a whole thesaurus and a brand new bankruptcy at the field's such a lot infamous challenge: the prestige of the word.
'The Grammar of phrases by way of Geert Booij covers a vast variety of subject matters from structural inquiries to psycholinguistic concerns and difficulties of language switch. This creation to morphology is thorough and obtainable and, like different works via this popular writer, specially powerful at exhibiting the importance of empirical evidence for theoretical reasoning.' Ingo Plag, college of Siegen
Read or Download The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology (Oxford Textbooks in Linguistics) PDF
Similar Linguistics books
Benny Lewis, who speaks over ten languages—all self-taught—runs the biggest language-learning weblog on this planet, Fluent In three Months. Lewis is a full-time "language hacker," anyone who devotes all of his time to discovering larger, quicker, and extra effective how you can study languages. Fluent in three Months: How someone at Any Age Can learn how to converse Any Language from anyplace on this planet is a brand new blueprint for speedy language studying.
A witty, fast moving consultant to removing Spanish bloopers for rookies blending genders, inverting topics and gadgets, and trusting falsos amigos (a. okay. a. , fake cognates) are only some of the mistakes English-speaking Spanish-language inexperienced persons more often than not make. In right Your Spanish error, veteran Spanish instructor Jean Yates identifies those and different universal hassle spots and obviously explains the explanations at the back of them.
A very transparent and available reference and workbook for somebody who desires to research Arabic effortless Arabic Grammar is either a convenient grammar reference and a primer/workbook for commencing to intermediate-level scholars of Arabic. transparent structural factors and perform actions make it an ideal spouse for formal language sessions in addition to any self-teaching direction.
Public conversing and Civic Engagement promotes public talking as a automobile for civic engagement by means of exhibiting the reader the right way to tackle concerns, imagine seriously, interact in effective discussion, formulate sound arguments, and strengthen an ethic of advocacy. The civic engagement subject is exclusive in that it envisions public talking as a car for selling the typical sturdy, whereas additionally emphasizing its function in own development and achievement.
Additional resources for The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology (Oxford Textbooks in Linguistics)
The inverse state of affairs, no overt marking for plurals, and overt marking for singular types can be came across. quantity marking on nouns, even if essentially a case of inherent inXection, can also be required through a speciWc syntactic context, specifically together with quantity names. In English we needs to use the plural kind of nouns after quantity names better than 1. In Finnish and Hungarian, nonetheless, the singular type of a noun is needed after such quantity names. via contract, quantity is additionally marked on phrases of alternative notice periods similar to adjectives, determiners, and verbs, as mentioned in part five. 2. this sort of quantity marking is to be exclusive from inherent 128 inflection marking of quantity on verbs used to precise the plurality of the development denoted via the verbs, or the variety of individuals concerned. the next examples are from Ngiti (Kutsch Lojenga 1994: 285, transcription simpliWed): (5) ma m-i indri nadha 1sg sc-aux goat pull. nom1 ‘‘I am pulling one goat, or a gaggle of goats simultaneously’’ ma m-i indri nudha 1sg sc-aux goat pull. pl. nom1 ‘‘I am pulling numerous goats one through one’’ (The plural verbal shape right here diVers from the unmarked shape by way of having a diVerent vowel. ) This plural verbal shape denotes that the motion occurs multiple time. In languages with diVerent inXectional periods reminiscent of Latin (see bankruptcy five, instance 9), quantity and case obtain diVerent morphological markings depending on the inXectional category to which a noun belongs. this is often additionally illustrated by way of the inXectional paradigms of a few Icelandic nouns of sophistication I (the default classification) in desk 6. 1. In those paradigms, 3 classiWcations of nouns are taken with computing the shape for every number–case blend: the excellence among vulnerable and robust nouns, gender, and arbitrary classification markers. The phrases in desk 6. 1 are all category I nouns, yet there are 3 desk 6. 1. InXection of Icelandic category I nouns masculine female neuter powerful vulnerable powerful susceptible robust vulnerable ‘‘horse’’ ‘‘time’’ ‘‘needle’’ ‘‘tongue’’ ‘‘table’’ ‘‘eye’’ singular nom acc dat gen hest-ur hest hest-i hest-s tı´m-i tı´m-a tı´m-a tı´m-a na´l na´l na´l na´l-ar tung-a tung-u tung-u tung-u borð borð borð-i borð-s aug-a aug-a aug-a aug-a plural nom acc dat gen hest-ar hest-a hest-um hest-a tı´m-ar tı´m-a tı´m-um tı´m-a na´l-ar na´l-ar na´l-um na´l-a tung-ur tung-ur tung-um tung-na borð borð borð-um borð-a aug-u aug-u aug-um aug-na resource: Thra´insson 1994: 153. inflectional structures 129 different sessions (for non-neuter nouns purely) and a few abnormal nouns. The phonological type of a noun might help to figure out the (sub)class of a noun. for example, if the nom. sg type of a masculine noun leads to -i (as in timi ‘‘time’’), it usually follows the vulnerable inXection development. a more in-depth examine the paradigms in desk 6. 1 will display that the variety of diVerences among the paradigms of Icelandic type I nouns is particular. for example, the dative plural marker is usually -um, and the genitive plural regularly results in -a (with an extra n in tung-na and aug-na).